Conquering Sjogren’s: Follow us on our journey to change the face of Sjogren’s

Ask the Expert: Sjögren’s and Fibromyalgia

Posted on Wed, May 31, 2017

Sjogren's Body 2017.png

"I have been diagnosed with Sjögren’s and fibromyalgia. How do I know what symptoms are because of my Sjögren’s and which are from the fibromyalgia? 

Should I change how I treat a symptom based on which disease caused it?"

There are many symptoms of Sjögren’s and fibromyalgia that overlap, and many people suffer from both conditions simultaneously, so this is a very good question. For example, both disorders can cause symptoms of dry eyes. If the dry eyes is due to Sjögren’s the person’s eyes will actually be dry, and artificial tears or medications to increase tearing can help. That same symptom seen in fibromyalgia is not due to the eye really being dry, but instead the nerves throughout the body being more sensitive, and feeling dryness when there is none.

Pain is another symptom that both disorders can cause. If it is from Sjögren’s the pain will typically be in the joints, whereas if it is due to fibromyalgia it can be anywhere, and will especially involve the trunk, muscles, etc.

Fatigue is a characteristic of both disorders as well, but it is difficult to differentiate the fatigue of Sjögren’s from that of fibromyalgia, except by “the company it keeps.” By this I mean that if you have overall symptoms of fibromyalgia (pain in many areas, sleep problems, sensitivity to brightness of lights, noises, odors, etc), then the fatigue you are experiencing is likely more due to the fibromyalgia, whereas if there are no other symptoms of fibromyalgia and you primarily are experiencing symptoms of Sjögren’s, then the fatigue is more likely due to the Sjögren’s. 

by Daniel Clauw, MD, Michigan

 

This information was first printed in The Moisture Seekers, SSF's patient  
newsletter for members.

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Topics: Dry Eyes, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Fatigue, Chronic Pain, Ask the Expert, Fibromyalgia

The Sun & Sjögren’s: How to protect yourself

Posted on Tue, Jun 30, 2015

Sjögren’s patients, and those suffering from autoimmune disease in general, need to be cautious about their time in the sun. Ultraviolet (UV) radiation emitted from the sun and other light sources (such as some fluorescent lights) can alter immune function and lead to an autoimmune response in the body and skin.

In response to the sun, Sjögren’s patients can experience skin rashesocular sensitivity, pain, and disease flares. Sun sensitivity with Sjögren’s is associated with the autoantibody SSA/or Ro. Below are a few tips to help protect yourself this summer and year-round. 

  • Protect your skin and eyes through use of sunscreen, UV-protective lenses/sunglasses, ultraviolet light-protective clothing, hats, and non-fluorescent lighting. Sun-protective clothing is designed to protect your skin from UVA & UVB rays and is more reliable than sunscreen.
  • SSF_Sun_and_Sjogrens_TipsConsider purchasing UV-protective car and home window tinting and films (which come in clear.)
  • Wear sunscreen on areas not covered by sun-protective clothing, such as the neck and ears.
  • Read sunscreen labels and look for the words “broad spectrum,” which protects from both UVA & UVB light. Note that the SPF ratings refer only to UVB rays. 
  • Use plenty of sunscreen with a higher number SPF. Most people only use about 1/3 the recommended amount of sunscreen. This reduces the benefit of the SPF rating.
  • Remember to reapply sunscreen because water, humidity and sweating decrease sunscreen effectiveness.
  • Investigate whether UV-protective clothing and eyewear, window shields, and sunscreens are eligible for reimbursement under your insurance plan or Flexible Health Care Spending Account. 

The SSF would like to thank Mona Z. Mofid, MD, FAAD, for authoring this information that was first published in The Moisture Seekers, SSF's member newsletter, and as an SSF Patient Education Sheet.

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Topics: sun and sjogren's, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Dry Skin, Top 5 Tips, Makeup Tips, Chronic Pain, Flare,, Ocular Pain, Skin Rashes

Peripheral Neuropathy and Sjogren's

Posted on Thu, Nov 20, 2014

There are many different types of neuropathies in Sjögren’s. These neuropathies can have different causes and may require different diagnostic techniques & therapeutic strategies. Unlike other autoimmune disorders, in which the neuropathies predominantly cause weakness, the neuropathies in Sjögren’s primarily affect sensation and can cause severe pain.

Recognition of unique patterns & causes of neuropathies in Sjögren’s is important in arriving at appropriate therapies.

Top 10 Peripheral Neuropathy & Sjögren’s Facts:

1. Recognize that neuropathic pain is a chronic disease. Just as most causes of neuropathies and neuropathic pain in Sjögren’s do not come on suddenly, reduction of neuropathic pain can take a while.  

2. Initial and predominant neuropathies in Sjögren’s can occur anywhere in the feet, thighs, hands, arms, torso and/or face.

3. Many different symptomatic therapies for neuropathic pain are available. Both physician and patient awareness of potential benefits and side-effects can help tailor an appropriate approach.

4. While the class of tricyclic anti-depressants (TCAs) often constitutes a first-line tier of therapy in other neuropathy syndromes, the TCAs can increase mouth and eye dryness and therefore are not routinely used as front-line therapies in most Sjögren’s patients.

5. Electrophysiologic tests may help in the diagnosis of neuropathies affecting larger nerves which are coated by an insulator called myelin. However, neuropathies affecting smaller-fiber nerves that lack this myelin coating cannot be detected with these tests.

6. Special diagnostic tests, including the technique of superficial, punch skin biopsies (small biopsies of three millimeters and not requiring any stitches), can help in the diagnosis.

7. A relatively rare neuropathy can cause significant weakness in Sjögren’s patients. In contrast to other neuropathies which develop slowly, this neuropathy can present with very abrupt-onset of weakness. This so-called “mononeuritis multiplex” occurs because the blood-flow through vessels which nourishes nerves is suddenly compromised.

8. In general, immunosuppressive medications are almost always warranted to treat “mononeuritis multiplex” neuropathy. In contrast, the role of immunosuppressives is not well-established in other neuropathies, including neuropathies that cause pain but are not associated with weakness.

9. Sjögren’s patients frequently wonder whether pain associated with a neuropathy means they are at an increased risk for more severe motor weakness. While there are exceptions, if weakness is not present at onset, it most likely will not occur.

10. Neuropathic pain can be alleviated and assuaged, although there may initially be a “trial-and-error” process with different and perhaps multiple agents.

The information from this post, provided by rheumatologist and neurologist Dr. Birnbaum, was first published in The Moisture Seekers, SSF's member newsletter.

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Additional Resources:

Topics: Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Treatment, Top 5 Tips, Chronic Pain, Peripheral Neuropathy

Living with Chronic Pain

Posted on Thu, Oct 16, 2014

describe the imageIt is not unusual for some illnesses involving chronic pain to take years to find an accurate diagnosis. Patients may see a dozen or more doctors while seeking help, answers and relief. Some may have multiple medical appointments in the span of just one week. They may see different specialists for different symptoms, as if body parts function independently of one another. The patient may be on many medications, coping with side effects that can be brutal, and too many of these services focus on what the patient cannot do with little or no attention paid to what they can do. The very process can leave the patient feeling more helpless, more depressed, more fatigued, more stressed. How frustrating must it be to have the very things you do to get better and regain control of your life make you worse?

If you or someone you know is one of these patients, here are some tried-and-true ideas you may find helpful:

  • First, do not settle for bad medicine. Acknowledging that these cases do not fit well into today’s quick medical model, if you do not feel heard or helped, find another doctor. If that doctor does not meet your needs, find another doctor. Bear in mind that cheapest in the short run may end up being the most expensive long term if you are not getting good results. There are many good, skilled and caring doctors, but it may take some time to find the right one for you. The physician who is willing to be your partner and your educator and treat you with dignity and respect is the right choice for you.
     
  • Be your own advocate. No one knows your body better than you. No one knows your pain better than you. No one knows what makes you happy better than you. You are the expert on you.
     
  • Resist buying into the idea that our medical system is so broken good treatment is not available. I will never debate the idea that the system is broken. I will debate the idea that good treatments are not available. It may require defining and redefining what constitutes “good treatment” as you figure out what works best for you, but you will know it when you find it.
     
  • Just because a treatment may be considered “holistic” does not mean it does not have value. Just because something is approved by your insurance company does not mean it does have value. Neither comes with any guarantee and both should be met with healthy skepticism. Leaving any positive option out of the mix is a missed opportunity.
     
  • Remember to pay as much attention to your mental health as you do your physical health. The mind-body connection is real and plays a major role in combating any illness.
     
  • Consider limiting the number of medical appointments you have in one week, if at all possible. Too much focus on what ails you can bring down the best mood and invite in the boogeyman at 3am with dark thoughts that never helped anyone. Too many appointments also can eat up time that would have been available for a yoga class, a trip to the gym, or lunch with a good friend. Balance is important.
     
  • I know you’ve heard this one before: You are what you eat. A deprivation diet is not necessary or helpful or sustainable, but a healthy diet filled with a rainbow of foods that are good for all of us are even more important for those with special needs. Consider including a qualified nutritionist in your treatment team. Click here to view SSF suggested nutritional resource available for purchase, "The Immune System Recovery Plan"
     
  • Take a relationship inventory. If you have people around you who drag you down, who think they know what is best for you better than you and your doctors, or who may even question the reality of your illness, it’s time to clean house. The drain of toxic people and toxic relationships sucks away energy better used in creating your best possible life.
     
  • Whatever you love doing, do it - and then, do it again!

This article by Darlene Cross, MS, MFT, was first printed in the March 2013 issue of The Moisture Seeker, SSF's patient newsletter for SSF members.

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Topics: Diet, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Fatigue, Treatment, coping with sjogren's, Chronic Pain

Dry Eye Lifestyle Dos and Don'ts

Posted on Tue, Jul 29, 2014

describe the imageAs anyone with Sjögren’s knows, many things can exacerbate the discomfort of dryness, while there are other factors that can either soothe the dryness or advance a condition of moisture that can prevent it.

Here are things you can do on a day-to-day basis that can alleviate your symptoms and help you feel and look better.

The Dos:

  • Do Exercise
    Regular exercise unquestionably does all sorts of good things for us. The main medical benefit is perhaps the power to decrease inflammation, which it does through the release of endorphins. For that reason, exercise contributes to the health of the ocular surface. Regular exercise- at least 20 minutes of exercise that increases your heart rate 5x a week- is highly recommended for dry eye sufferers.

  • Do Take Showers
    A hot bath can be a relaxing indulgence, but the steam tends to rise away from you. It's much better to be upright in a shower, with the steam coming at you constantly. Moreover, whether you intend it or not, water from the shower head or bouncing off your body, splatters into your eyes and literally cleans them out.

  • Do Catch some Zzzzzzs
    I cannot emphasize enough how important getting as much sleep as possible is  to mitigating the discomfort of dry eye. A deep sleep, replenishes the tear film and soothes the ocular surface.

  • Do Drink Water
    You should drink 6-8 glasses of water a day. That's water- plain and simple- not sodas, sugary juices or artificially flavored drinks. Water is needed by all of the body's organs- by the skin, the kidneys, the liver, the heart and the eyes as well.

  • Do Keep up with Friends & Family
    There is increasing evidence that social interaction is as good for us as exercise, a good night's sleep or eating natural food. It is also a fact that the smile you wear while you're happy with friends can actually reduce the exposure of the ocular surface.

The Don'ts:

  • Don't get Stressed
    Stress can affect many other factors that have a direct impact on dry eye: sleep, your blink rate, and even what you eat. All of that leads to the kind of inflammation that can exacerbate a range of ailments, including a dry eye disorder. There are many different kinds of stress and there are many ways to manage it. Find the way that works for you, and learn as best you can to keep stress at a minimum.

  • Don't work your eyes too long
    Perhaps the most important thing to avoid if you suffer from dry eye is a long stretch of consecutive visual tasking. Whether it's working at a computer, watching television or reading- break up the time you spend doing it.

  • Don't Smoke, Drink Alcohol or Caffeine
    Smoke, alcohol and caffeine all dehydrate the body, including the eyes. Be aware of what these activities are doing to your dry eye, and try to reduce the frequency or eliminate all three if you can.

This information is provided by Robert Latkany, MD
Author of "The Dry Eye Remedy" and Founder & Director of the Dry Eye Clinic at the New York Eye & Ear Infirmary

Thank you to our Dry Eye Awareness Month Partner:

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Topics: Diet, Dry Eyes, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Treatment, coping with sjogren's, Chronic Pain

Tips for Muscle and Joint Pain in Sjögren’s

Posted on Tue, May 13, 2014

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Joint and muscle pain in Sjogren’s syndrome may result from a variety of causes including inflammation, fibromyalgia, age-related osteoarthritis, vitamin D deficiency, hypothyroidism etc.

Work with your rheumatologist to identify the specific cause(s) of your pain and find the best treatment regimen for you. Maintain a positive attitude and be an active partner in the management of your pain.
The tips below will also help:

  • Become knowledgeable about your medications
  • Get a good night’s sleep
    • Maintain a regular sleep schedule.
    • Set aside an hour before bedtime for relaxation. Listen to soothing music.
  • Consider taking a warm bath before going to bed
    • Make your bedroom as quiet and comfortable as possible.
    • Avoid caffeine and alcohol late in the day.
    • Avoid long naps during the day.
  • Exercise regularly with the goals of improving your overall fitness and keeping your joints moving, the muscles around your joints strong and your bones strong and healthy
    • A physical therapist, occupational therapist, or your health-care provider can prescribe an exercise regimen appropriate for your joint or muscle problem.
    • Start with a few exercises and slowly add more.
    • Make your exercise program enjoyable. Do it with your spouse or a friend. Include recreational activities, such as dancing, walkingand miniature golf.
    • Try different forms of exercise, such as Tai chi, yoga and water aerobics.
  • Balance rest and activity
    • Pace yourself during the day, alternating heavy and light activities and taking short breaks to rest.
  • Control your weight
  • Protect your joints and muscles
    • Use proper methods for bending, lifting, and reaching.
    • Use assisting devices, such as jar openers, reach extenders and kitchen and garden tools with large rubber grips that put less stress on affected joints.
  • Use various therapeutic modalities that can relieve joint and muscle pain
    • Use heat (heating pads, warm shower or bath, paraffin wax) to relax your muscles and relieve joint stiffness.
    • Use cold packs to numb sore joints and muscles and reduce inflammation and swelling of a joint
    • Consider massage therapy.
    • Practice relaxation techniques, such as guided imagery, prayer and self-hypnosis. 
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Thank you Alan Baer, MD for these tips. Dr. Baer is an Associate Professor of Medicine, Director, Jerome L. Green Sjogren’s Center, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine

Topics: Nutrition, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Fatigue, Treatment, Top 5 Tips, coping with sjogren's, Chronic Pain

13 Types of Sjogren's Fatigue

Posted on Thu, Apr 17, 2014

13 TypesThis is a revival of an essay I wrote ten years ago, originally entitled 11 Types of Fatigue. I’ve been asked by the Sjögren’s Foundation to give it new life. I thank them for the opportunity and hope that in the ten years that have passed since the original essay, there is increased acknowledgment of fatigue as a major factor in Sjögren’s. I’ve decided to add two new types of fatigue to the list, which is by no means meant to be exhaustive.

A quick update: The friend mentioned below was my first friend with Sjögren’s and as such, has always been very special to me. We still speak in a kind of shorthand, as I do with most if not all of my Sjögren’s friends. The friends I have made over the years are the only good outcome of this disease. As a group, we understand what it means to say that we are ‘fine’.  We know that when we say we are “tired”, it means really tired, i.e. that something is going on, something out of the ordinary, beyond the everyday feelings of fatigue. ‘How are you?’ is not a question in our culture. It is a greeting. As such, it deserves a real answer only in those circumstances where there is an understanding that the person asking truly wants to know.

For those of you who haven’t seen it, here is most of the original article with a few additions and revisions:

"How are you?" I asked a friend who has Sjögren’s. "Tired," she said, "how are you?" "Tired," I replied, knowing we understood each other. We were talking about a special brand of fatigue. Later that day, a friend who did not have Sjögren’s asked me the same question. "How are you?" she said. "Fine" I responded, thinking it was the simpler way to answer a basically rhetorical question.

Not everyone with Sjögren’s suffers from fatigue, but many of us do. According to a 2012 survey done by the SSF, fatigue was the third most prevalent and disabling symptom of Sjögren’s. Fatigue has been a problem more disabling than dry eyes or dry mouth for me. I long for normal energy and the ability to sustain activity, any activity. I long for the kind of fatigue that gets better with a good night's sleep. I want to be able to do things spontaneously. I wish I did not have to pace myself or plan rest stops. I wish that I could just get up and go, but, reluctantly and somewhat resentfully, I know that fatigue is a permanent part of my life. Having decided that if you must live in a particular landscape, you should learn the subtleties of the territory. I've come up with the following subtypes. Your experience may vary:

Basic fatigue
1. This is the inherent fatigue that I attribute to the inflammatory, autoimmune nature of Sjögren’s. It's with me all the time. It differs from normal fatigue in that you don't have to do anything to deserve it. It can vary from day to day but is always there. For me, there appears to be a correlation between this kind of fatigue and sed rate (ESR). When one goes up, so does the other. I don’t know how often this phenomenon occurs. I could also call this my baseline fatigue, which fluctuates and gets better or worse. All of the following are superimposed on this basic fatigue.

Rebound fatigue
2. If I push myself too far and ignore the cues my body is sending me to stop and rest, my body will fight back. When I do more than I should, the result is an immobilizing fatigue. It comes on after the fact, i.e., do too much one day and feel it the next. If I push myself today, I very likely will have to cancel everything tomorrow. An extended period of doing more than I should will almost certainly cause a flare.

Sudden fatigue
3. This 'crumple and fold' phenomenon makes me resemble a piece of laundry. It comes on suddenly, and I have to stop whatever I'm doing and just sit down (as soon as I can). It can happen anywhere, at any time. It is the kind of fatigue that makes me shut off the computer in mid-sentence. It is visible to those who are observant and know what to look for, even though I make gargantuan efforts to disguise the fact that it is happening.

Weather related fatigue
4. Not everyone has this particular talent, but I can tell that the barometric pressure is dropping while the sky remains blue and cloudless. I feel a sweeping wave, a malaise, that sometimes lifts just after the rain or snow has started. Likewise, I know when a weather front is moving away, even while torrents of water are falling from the sky. I feel a lightening in my body and begin to have more energy. This kind of fatigue is accompanied by an increase in muscle aches and joint pain.

Molten lead phenomenon
5. This fatigue is present when I open my eyes in the morning and know that it is going to be a particularly bad day. It feels as if someone has poured molten lead in my head and on all my limbs while I slept. My muscles and joints hurt, and doing anything is like walking with heavy weights. It is often associated with increased symptoms of fibromyalgia and sometimes helped by heat and massage.

Tired-wired
6.Tired-wired is a feeling that comes from certain medications, such as prednisone, too much caffeine, or too much excitement or perhaps it is just a function of Sjögren’s. My body is tired but my mind wants to keep going and won’t let my body rest.

Flare-related fatigue
7. Flare-related fatigue is an unpredictable state of increased fatigue that can last for days or weeks. It may be caused by an increase in disease activity or an undetected infection. If the latter, it either resolves on its own, or eventually presents other signs and symptoms that can be diagnosed. Additional rest is essential to deal with this kind of fatigue, but rest alone will not necessarily improve it or make it go away. Once a flare begins, it is impossible to predict where it will go or how long it will last.

Fatigue induced by other physical conditions
8. Fatigue related to other physical causes, such as thyroid problems or anemia superimposed on Sjögren’s. This kind of fatigue makes you feel that you are climbing a steep hill when you are really walking on level ground. It resolves once the underlying organic condition is diagnosed and treated. Thyroid problems and anemia are both common among Sjögren’s patients, but many other kinds of fatigue may be superimposed.

Fatigue that impairs concentration
9. Fatigue that impairs concentration precludes thought, makes me too tired to talk, think or read. Fatigue robs me of memory and encloses me in a fog of cotton wool so thick I can't find my way out until the fog miraculously lifts. For me, brain fog goes hand-in-hand with other kinds of pernicious fatigue.

Stress, distress, anxiety or depression
10. Stress, distress, anxiety or depression all can create a leaden kind of emotional fatigue that can be as exhausting as one due to physical causes. Although some people do not associate their increased fatigue with emotional states, many are aware of the effects of increased anxiety and depression, even if they cannot control what they feel. Intense emotion is very draining. Stress, anxiety and depression all are known to disrupt sleep.

Fatigue that comes from not sleeping well
11. Some people with Sjögren’s have trouble both getting to sleep and staying asleep. Some wake up in the morning feeling as if they had never slept at all. Many aspects of Sjögren’s affect sleep: being too dry, in too much pain or malaise; multiple trips to the bathroom, the need for water or to put in eye ointment all deter a good sleep. Lack of restorative sleep increases fatigue.

And two new ones:
Fatigue that comes with normal aging
12. I’m old enough for Medicare now and my friends are more tired too, although they seem to be able to do two or three or even four times what I can do on any given day. In fact, the gap between what they can do and what I can do just seems to be growing, despite my best efforts. It’s been a long time since I tried to keep up, but it still hurts that I can’t.

Chronic Illness Fatigue

13. Fatigue that comes from a chronic illness that just won’t quit. We’ve all heard the expression “sick and tired of being sick and tired” and that phrase truly captures what many of us feel. I would take it one step further. There’s a fatigue that comes with the uncertainty of a chronic disease. It’s a debilitating fatigue born of never knowing what will come next. The chronicity of Sjögren’s can wear me down and I have to make special attempts not to let it. When these attempts don’t work, I wait a while and try to find something else that distracts me from my illness.
 
It's difficult to explain the unnatural quality and intensity of this fatigue to someone whose only experience has been with what is normal. We're not talking about the same stuff. It’s apples and artichokes. Sjögren’s fatigue is pervasive. It assaults everything I do. There isn’t a part of my life that hasn’t been touched by it. It is there even on my happiest days.

Because people don’t understand, it’s often misinterpreted. "Is it depression?" a health care professional who didn't know much about Sjögren’s asked me. I tensed. Was he saying it was all in my head? I began to get angry but then gave him the benefit of the doubt. I put my first reaction aside and decided he was trying to understand. I was relating something outside his frame of reference, and he was attempting to find a point with which he could identify.

When you describe Sjögren’s fatigue to someone who has never experienced it, you are asking him or her to think outside the box. You want them to understand an experience that is common to those who have Sjögren’s and many other autoimmune diseases but rare otherwise. Perhaps their first reaction will be negation or denial. While it’s always difficult to encounter expressions of disbelief, it is not uncommon.  I tried to see it as an opportunity to educate.

"No," I said to the doctor who asked about depression, "think of it as a never-ending flu that varies in intensity but never goes away." He grimaced.

This article was first published in the November/December Issue of The Moisture Seekers. Suggested reading:The Sjögren’s Syndrome Survival Guide, by Terri Rumpf, PhD, author of 13 Types of Fatigue article, and Katherine Moreland Hammitt, SSF Vice President of Research, this SSF best seller is often referred to as a “support group in a book."

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Topics: Depression, Symptoms, Joint Pain, Fatigue, coping with sjogren's, Chronic Pain, Flare,

SSF Holidays Survival Patient Education Sheet Collection

Posted on Fri, Dec 13, 2013

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We hope you find this collection of SSF Patient Education Sheets helpful.

Especially during the busy holiday season, it’s important to make sure you listen to your body and do not neglect your health.

 And when finishing your on-line shopping this Holiday season, remember to "Shop for Sjögren's!" 

ShoppingShopping on-line is now an easy way to contribute to Sjögren's!

The Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation has partnered with on-line retailers who will donate a portion of the value of your purchase to the SSF. This year, purchase all of your holiday gifts, while also giving back to Sjögren's.

Some of our partners include:

Click here to view all our retail partners

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Topics: Dry Nose, Brain Fog, Diet, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Fatigue, Treatment, Top 5 Tips, coping with sjogren's, Chronic Pain

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