Symptoms of Dryness

5 Tips for Dry and Brittle Nails

Posted on Fri, Aug 22, 2014

Brittle nails are characterized by hardness, peeling, crumbling, fissures, excess longitudinal ridges or lack of flexibility of the finger and toe nails. This sometimes causes pain and interferes with normal daily activities.

Many different dermatologic conditions including some autoimmune disorders, infections, dryness and certain medications can affect the nails.

Here are some tips to help:

  1. Keep the nails short. This prevents the nails from catching on things or acting as a lever and causing further damage.
  2. Protect the nails when performing wet work (like washing dishes) by using rubber gloves and cotton glove liners.
  3. Avoid excess contact with water or chemicals (including nail polish remover) which can cause dryness.
  4. Use moisturizer on your nails multiple times per day and reapply the moisturizer after your hands come in contact with water. You can use the same moisturizer used for your dry skin.
  5. Steer clear of cosmetic products such as artificial nails and nail wraps which can cause damage.

Talk to your Dermatologist:

Nails pic 2  * If your dermatologist approves, try a course of biotin for your have brittle nails.
 
  * If you're diagnosed with a fungal infection of your nails, your dermatologist can discuss a variety of treatment options which are available.

Are your Dry & Brittle Nails associated with Sjögren’s? Do you also have Dry Eyes, Joint Pain or Fatigue? Click here to learn more

The SSF thanks Adam I. Rubin, MD for authoring these tips. Dr. Rubin is Director of the Nail Practice & Assistant Professor of Dermatology, Perleman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Topics: Dry Mouth, Dry Eyes, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Fatigue, Treatment, Dry Skin, Top 5 Tips, Dry Nails, Makeup Tips

Top 10 Tips for Burning Mouth from Oral Candidiasis (Thrush)

Posted on Wed, May 28, 2014

Oral candidiasis, or thrush, is a common problem in dry mouth patients.

Thrush can cause oral burning and pain. The appearance of thrush in a dry mouth patient is often atypical and appears as red and irritated instead of the typical white cottage-cheesy. The tongue may show grooves, and the corners of the lips appear red and crusty (called angular cheilitis). Here are 10 tips that can help manage & treat oral thursh:

  1. Practice excellent oral hygiene and change your toothbrush frequently when oral candidiasis is active.

  2. Talk to your dentist or rheumatologist about taking Evoxac® (cevimilene) or Salagen® (pilocarpine) to increase salivary flow.

  3. Don’t use mouthwashes containing alcohol.

  4. Limit sugar and foods that contain yeast, such as wine, beer and bread. And increase your intake of acidophilus through unsweetened yogurts with live lactobacillus acidophilus or capsules.

  5. Avoid caffeine and alcohol, both of which can increase dryness.

  6. Sip water frequently and rinse after eating or drinking if you can’t brush.

  7. If you smoke, STOP!

  8. Clean dental prostheses every day with an anti-fungal preparation and avoid wearing them at night.

  9. Talk to your dentist about prescription therapies available to help with oral candidiasis. Sometimes a combination of treatments is necessary if the problem is severe.

  10. For maintenance once thrush is under control, discuss with your dentist frequent use of a magic mouthwash with diphenhydramine, nystatin and Maalox. A chlorhexidine gluconate rinse can also be helpful (and if you wear dentures, it’s good for cleaning those too).
Is your Dry Mouth & Thrush associated with Sjögren’s? Do you also have Dry Eyes, Joint Pain or Fatigue? Click here to learn more

Check the Sjögren's Syndrome Foundation's Product Directory (free of charge to all SSF members) to see the many products available for dry mouth.

This information was taken from the SSF Patient Education Sheet: Oral Candidiasis (Thrush) authored by Nelson L. Rhodus, DMD, MPH, FICD. Dr. Rhodus is Professor and Director, Division of Oral Medicine, School of Dentistry Adjunct Professor, Department of Otolaryngology, School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota. Click Here to view the full SSF Patient Education Sheet: Oral Candidiasis (Thrush)

Topics: Dry Mouth, Dry Eyes, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Fatigue, Tooth Decay, Treatment, Saliva, Oral Candidiasis, Thrush, Burning mouth, coping with sjogren's, Chronic Pain

Top 5 Tips for Dry Skin

Posted on Thu, Jan 16, 2014

Your dermatologist can be your best ally and may be able to give you samples of products
to try, but here are some basic dry skin survival tips that may help:

  1. Dry SkinUse gloves when you are using strong soaps or chemicals to clean. One way to get in the habit is to keep a pair of gloves in several areas, i.e. kitchen, bathroom, garage.
     
  2. Terry robes will dry you gently. Or after the shower, let yourself dry naturally since the moisture from the water will be absorbed by your skin.
     
  3. Use warm, not hot, water for bathing and use soap sparingly (shampoo might also be drying to the rest of your body in the shower). 
     
  4. After bathing, apply lotion as soon as possible to seal in moisture.
     
  5. Use a humidifier, especially if you have forced-heat which is especially drying. 
Is your Dry Skin associated with Sjögren’s? Do you also have Dry Eyes, Dry Mouth, Joint Pain or Fatigue? Click here to learn more

Topics: Dry Mouth, Dry Eyes, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Fatigue, Dry Skin

Dry Mouth and Tooth Decay

Posted on Tue, Dec 10, 2013

describe the imageSince saliva plays such an important role in the oral cavity, decreased salivation can lead to many problems. If a person's dry mouth condition persists for months or years, a patient may develop oral complications such as difficulty swallowing, severe and progressive tooth decay, oral infections (particularly fungal), or combinations of these.

Early signs to look for that indicate dry mouth include: dental decay located at the necks of teeth next to the gums or on the chewing edges of teeth. Symptoms of dry mouth can include difficulty swallowing food (especially dry food) without a drink, a change in the sense of taste, a burning sensation or pain in the mouth, tooth decay, difficulty talking or eating certain foods, or some combination of these.

About Saliva
Saliva is an essential body fluid for protection and preservation of the oral cavity and oral functions. It is produced by the three pairs of major salivary glands and hundreds of minor salivary glands. Its value is seldom appreciated until there is not enough. Saliva is mostly water, but it also contains over 60 substances, which:

  • protect, lubricate and cleanse the oral mucosa
  • aid chewing, swallowing and talking
  • protect the teeth against decay
  • protect the mouth, teeth, and throat from infection by bacteria, yeasts, and viruses
  • support and facilitate our sense of taste 

Ask your dentist

  • how frequently you need to be checked for early decay.
  • for specific instructions regarding your oral hygiene.
  • about the possible need for home and/ or professionally-applied topical fluoride (in addition to the fluoride contained in your daily toothpaste). Topical fluoride gels usually require a personalized ‘tray’ for best delivery to your teeth. In some cases, a fluoride varnish may be applied by your dentist.
  • if you should use a remineralizing agent. 

Dry mouth causes include

  • prolonged use of many prescription drugs including certain antihistamines, antihypertensives, and antidepressants
  • chronic diseases such as Sjögren’s, sarcoidosis, hepatitis C, diabetes, or depression
  • medical treatments such as radiation therapy to the head and neck or bone marrow transplantation 
Is your Dry Mouth associated with Sjögren’s? Do you also have Dry Eyes, Joint Pain or Fatigue? Click here to learn more

Additional Dry Mouth Resources: 


Topics: Dry Mouth, Dry Eyes, Symptoms, Sjogren's, Joint Pain, Fatigue, Tooth Decay

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